(1991) USSR. ERKhUS.
Directed by Khusein Erkenov.
Written by Khusein Erkenov. Cinematography by Vladislav Men'shikov. Costume Design by Sergei Filenko. Sound by Viktor Kruitsyn. With Nilolai Eremenko, Jr., Okasana Pototskaia, Oleg Vasil'ev, Aleksandr Chislov, Liudmila Potapova.
In Russian with English Subtitles.
This mistreatment of these
[ethnic minorities] western peoples of the Soviet Union is exceeded only by
the deportation of certain entire small nations from the Crimea and
Caucasus region. The first to whom this measure was applied were the Volga
Germans, in 1941. Then, in the later stages of the war, the same was done to
the Crimean Tartars, to the Meskhtian people from Georgia, to the Kalmyks of
the steppe, and to four islamic mountain peoples, the Chechens, Ingushes,
Balkars, and Karachais. They were all accused of having collaborated with the
Germans, but it is clear that this was not always the case. The Volga Germans
were deported before they had any chance to do so—though this, it could
be argued, was a prophylactic measure—and only the Tartars and Kalmyks
had known an appreciable period of German occupation. What probably is
true is that these nations had all proved exceptionally resistant to
Sovietization in the 1930s, and that Stalin was anxious to crush, beffore it
could arise, any further possible resistance in the post-war transition
Khusein Erkenov was born in Tashkent (1960). He graduated
from the L'vov Music School (1978) and worked as the director of a House
of Culture in an aul, Kumysh, in what was formerly
Karachaevo-Cherkessia. After working for several years at the Sverdlovsk
Film Studios, he enrolled in VGIK, graduating from Sergei Gerasimov's
film directing workshop (1988). In 1991 he organized ERKhUS, a private
film production company. He writes the scripts for his own films.